High Kings of Gondor and Anor

by Varda-(Valar)
April 2006. Udated May and July 2006, Dec 2008.

Men > Kings > Numenorean Kings > High Kings > Elendil

    Elendil - 1st king. Son of Amandil, who was of the line of Elros and the last Lord of Andunie in Numenor. His sons were Isildur and Anarion. Died S.A. 3441 In the Last Alliance.
    Isildur - 2nd king. Died T.A. 2
    Valandil - 3rd king. Fourth son of Isildur, born in Imladris. His older brothers were slain in the Gladden Fields. He became King of Arnor in T.A. 10.
    Eldacar - 4th king
    Arantar - 5th king
    Tarcil - 6th king
    Tarondor - 7th king
    Valandur - 8th king
    Elendur - 9th king
    Earendur - 10th king. Breaking of the kingdom into three parts for a time, the line continuing unbroken in Arthedain.

    Kings of Arthedain
    Aragorn II reunited the kingdoms, 1st king of the Reunited Kingdom
    Eldarion  2nd king of the Reunited Kingdom. Son of Aragorn II

    Above are the High-Kings of Men in Middle-earth after the drowning of Numenor. They ruled both the northern and southern kingdoms, or carried the rightful claim to do so.
    Elendil led the Faithful to Middle-earth from the drowning of Numenor. He founded the Kingdoms of Arnor (north kingdom) and Gondor (south kingdom) and was the High King, with his seat in Arnor. He sent his sons, Isildur (heir) and Anarion to handle Gondor while he remained in Arnor.
    The King of Arnor was therefore also rightfully High King over Gondor, but Gondor did not always recognize this. Much of the time they operated independently, although friendly.
    After Earendur, Arnor was divided into three parts for his three dissenting sons. The parts were Arthedain, Rhudaur, and Cardolan. In Arthedain, the direct line of Elendil was maintained and endured in the Kings of Arthedain, but perished from the other two parts. Dissension over the borders caused friction, especially concerning Amon Sul (Weathertop), whose Tower possessed the chief palantir of the North, as the other two were already in Arthedain's possession.
    During the reign of Malvegil of Arthedain, the Witch-king rose up in Angmar to the north of the Ettenmoors on both sides of the mountains, taking advantage of the disunion of Arnor, as Gondor was strong.
    Since the other two dwindled away and lost their lines of the kingship, what was properly termed Arthedain was sometimes called Arnor. Angmar and Rhudaur claimed this reason to attack Arthedain. Arthedain was sometimes aided by Cardolan, Lindon, and Rivendell.
    By the time of Malvegil's son, Argeleb, no other heirs of Isildur survived in the other kingdoms, so the Kings of Arthedain regained kingship of all Arnor. The Witch-king had unintentionally caused this improvement of unity. The Witch-king left to tend other business, having accomplished Sauron's intended destruction.
    Later, when the line of kings in Gondor failed (the Witch-king killed the Gondorian king before he produced an heir, but no Dunadan ever saw the body), the rightful High King Arvedui in Arnor offered to step in, but Gondor refused his claim, causing unnecessary sorrow and loss as Malbeth the Seer warned if they did not take him. The Stewards held the throne until the "return of the king". The Dunedain lost that early chance for union and greatness.
    Arthedain fell as a country, preserved in its people, the nomadic Dunedain Rangers of the North. The High Kings continued their line unbroken as Chieftains, leading the Rangers to protect the northern realm without being honored for it for many generations. The Chieftains were fostered and educted by Elrond in Rivendell as young children and returned to him in old age, until one Chieftain again reunited the north and south kingdoms peacefully as High King Aragorn II.

Reference: Return of the King: Appendix A, Appendix B timeline