Tolkien Encyclopedia > OrcsLanguages > Orcish Language

Orcish Language including Black Speech:

    English to Orcish
    Orcish to English

Orcs had different dialects, so between groups they resorted to Westron. Sauron intended, however, for orcs to use Black Speech.

Those Orcs that could write tended to use the Cirth runes.

What others called the Orcs:
        Glamhoth to the Eldar.
        goblins to Hobbits.
        gorgûn in Wose/Druedain.
        Orc, Orcs, Orkish in Common
        orc in Rohirric.  In Old English, orc means "demon".
        orch, yrch (plural) in Sindarin
        uruk in Black Speech

See Orcs for articles on individuals.