One of the most hotly debated
conflicts amongst the readers of The Lord of the Rings and J.R.R.
Tolkien's other writings is the Glorfindel problem. The problem is
that there are two elves named Glorfindel and in Tolkien's mythology all
elves are meant to be unique and no two elves are ever to have the same name.
Both Glorfindels have golden hair that serves their name well because it means "Golden-haired elf".
The first Glorfindel mentioned is the chief of the House of the Golden Flower in Gondolin. This Glorfindel fled the fall of that city with Tuor and Idril and died protecting them and their son Eärendil from a balrog.
The second Glorfindel was a noble elf who lived in Rivendell with Elrond. He fought in the Battle of Fornost and it was he who pronounced the doom of the Witch-King of Angmar saying:
"Far off yet is his doom, and not by the hand of man will he fall."Almost two thousand years later he helped Frodo and his companions reach Rivendell safely.
My solution to the problem of the two Glorfindels:
I believe, as do many others, that the two Glorfindels
are one and the same. It is my belief that when he died in the Encircling
Mountains after killing a balrog he went to Mandos, the Halls of Waiting,
and was re-embodied by the Valar to serve a further purpose, namely to pronounce
the doom of the Witch-King and to later save the Ring-bearer from the Nazgûl.
Some evidence to support this theory is within the Lord of the Rings itself. In Chapter 1 of Book 2 "Many Meetings" when Frodo asks if Rivendell is safe from The Dark Lord, Gandalf answers:
"... And here in Rivendell there live still some of [Sauron's] chief foes: the Elven-wise,This excerpt states that at one point Glorfindel lived in the Blessed Realm and so had to have been born in Valinor and/or reborn in Valinor.
lords of the Eldar from beyond the furthest seas. They do not fear the Ringwraiths, for those who
have dwelt in the Blessed Realm live at once in both worlds, and against both the Seen and the
Unseen they have great power."
"I thought that I saw a white figure that shone and did not grow dim like the others. Was
that Glorfindel then?"
"Yes, you saw him for a moment as he is upon the other side. He is an Elf-lord of a house
References: Lord of the Rings, Silmarillion